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Workpiece positioning during magnetic pulse welding of aluminum-steel joints

A study was conducted of the axial positioning (working length) and coil parameters for cylindrical workpieces
: Lorenz, Amanda Leigh; Lueg-Althoff, Jörn; Bellmann, Jörg; Göbel, Gunther; Gies, Soeren; Weddeling, Christian; Beyer, Eckhard; Tekkaya, A. Erman

Welding journal 95 (2016), No.3, pp.101-109
ISSN: 0043-2296
ISSN: 0096-7629
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SPP 1640; BE 1875/30-2
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWS ()
Magnetic Pulse Welding (MPW); working length; impact welding; aluminum; steel

Magnetic pulse welding (MPW) enables the fabrication of joints via the harnessing of Lorentz forces, which result from discharging a current pulse through a coil. In the process, an outer piece (flyer) is accelerated onto an inner piece (parent), and welding is achieved using propagating impact fronts. The working length of the experimental setup allows for various shapes of the deformation front, and each configuration has its own advantages and drawbacks. The objective of this work is to show how the working length of tubular MPW specimens affects the front propagation as well as to indicate ways to optimize the front propagations, which are vital to the welding result. It is shown that for steel-aluminum joints, three different front regimes exist, which are related to geometrical factors. These results may be used to avoid seemingly favorable but nevertheless suboptimal conditions for flyer movement, which reduce the weld quality and energy efficiency of the process. Additionally, the methodology presented here may allow for faster process optimization without the need for time-consuming metallographic analyses.