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A novel and practical method for in-situ monitoring of interface delamination by local thermal diffusivity measurement

: Wunderle, Bernhard; Schulz, M.; Braun, Tanja; May, D.; Bauer, Jörg; Hölck, Ole; Walter, Hans; Keller, J.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; IEEE Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology Society:
IEEE 65th Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2015. Vol.1 : San Diego, California, USA, 26 - 29 May 2015
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-4799-8610-1
ISBN: 978-1-4799-8609-5
Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC) <65, 2015, San Diego/Calif.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ENAS ()
Fraunhofer IZM ()

Today, there is no non-destructive, simple, inexpensive and yet accurate in-situ monitoring technique for cracks and delamination available for routine use in electronic package testing. However, such a method is highly desirable, as delamination testing is part of every qualification programme in industry. Rapid failure analytical techniques which allow introspect and easy-to-interpret information on adhesion loss during stress testing, analogous to e.g. resistance testing for solder joint reliability, would enable considerable speed up of the development process of advanced packaging technologies, especially also for situations where not even classical ex-situ methods like scanning acoustic microscopy or pulse phase thermography are applicable. So this paper proposes a radically new approach using local thermal impedance variations caused by cracks to generate electrically detectable signals by the 3ω-Method, designed as highly local thermal sensors array in analogy to a pixel matrix for readout as image from a delamination camera. We show the proof of concept of the method on an industry-grade flip-chip package, its robustness with respect to electrical readout and the very good correlation between experiment and simulation, enabling unequivocal detection of thermal impedance changes and its insensitivity to cross effects, e.g. moisture ingress. Guidelines and estimations for future applications are given.