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BCI competition 2003 - data set IIa: Spatial patterns of self-controlled brain rhythm modulations

: Blanchard, G.; Blankertz, B.


IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering BME 51 (2004), No.6, pp.1062-1066
ISSN: 0018-9294
ISSN: 1558-2531
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FIRST ()

A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a system that should in its ultimate form translate a subject's intent into a technical control signal without resorting to the classical neuromuscular communication channels. By using that signal to, e.g., control a wheelchair or a neuroprosthesis, a BCI could become a valuable tool for paralyzed patients. One approach to implement a BCI is to let users learn to self-control the amplitude of some of their brain rhythms as extracted from multichannel electroencephalogram. We present a method that estimates subject-specific spatial filters which allow for a robust extraction of the rhythm modulations. The effectiveness of the method was proved by achieving the minimum prediction error on data set IIa in the BCI Competition 2003, which consisted of data from three subjects recorded in ten sessions.