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Nonlinear dynamics of semiconductor-lasers with active optical feedback



Physical Review. E 69 (2004), No.1, Art. 016206, 10 pp.
ISSN: 1063-651X
ISSN: 1539-3755
Journal Article
Fraunhofer HHI ()

An in-depth theoretical as well as experimental analysis of the nonlinear dynamics in semiconductor lasers with active optical feedback is presented. Use of a monolithically integrated multisection device of submillimeter total length provides access to the short-cavity regime. By introducing an amplifier section as a special feature, phase and strength of the feedback can be separately tuned. In this way, the number of modes involved in the laser action can be adjusted. We predict and observe specific dynamical scenarios. Bifurcations mediate various transitions in the device output, from single-mode steadystate to self-pulsation and between different kinds of self-pulsations, reaching eventually chaotic behavior in the multimode limit.