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Deposition of sol-gel derived membranes on alpha-Al2O3 hollow fibers by a vacuum-assisted dip-coating process

: Pan, X.L.; Stroh, N.; Brunner, H.; Xiong, G.X.; Sheng, S.S.


Journal of membrane science 226 (2003), No.1-2, pp.111-118
ISSN: 0376-7388
ISSN: 1873-3123
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()

A vacuum-assisted dip-coating process has been developed for the deposition of sol-gel derived membranes on thin-walled ceramic hollow fibers. A vacuum is applied on the opposite side of the membrane layer during dipping. Homogeneous gamma-Al2O3 and Pd-gamma-Al2O3 (1) membranes have been obtained in this way. The membranes are proved to be suitable for H-2 enrichment, because the gas transport is mainly controlled by Knudsen diffusion. The obtained asymmetric gamma-Al2O3/alpha-Al2O3 and Pd-gamma-Al2O3/alpha-Al2O3 fibers can further serve as substrates for very thin dense Pd membranes. These asymmetric membranes combine the high ratio of membrane area-to-volume of hollow fibers with the well known advantages of ceramic supports, namely good mechanical, thermal and chemical stability, which are attractive for gas separation and membrane catalysis at elevated temperatures.