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Visualization of bulk magnetic properties by neutron grating interferometry

: Betz, Benedikt; Rauscher, Peter; Siebert, René; Schäfer, Rudolf; Kästner, A.; Swygenhoven, H. van; Lehmann, E.; Grünzweig, C.

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Physics procedia 69 (2015), pp.399-403
ISSN: 1875-3892
ISSN: 1875-3884
World Conference on Neutron Radiography (WCNR) <10, 2014, Grindelwald>
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWS ()
neutron detection; neutron sources; particle beam dynamics; particle interferometry; grating interferometry; magnetic structure; steel; scattering

The neutron Grating Interferometer (nGI) is a standard user instrument at the cold neutron imaging beamline ICON (Kaestner, 2011) at the neutron source SINQ at Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), Switzerland. The setup is able to deliver simultaneously information about the attenuation, phase shift (DPC) (Pfeiffer, 2006) and scattering properties in the so-called dark-field image (DFI) (Grunzweig, 2008-I) of a sample. Since neutrons only interact with the nucleus they are often able to penetrate deeper into matter than X-rays, in particular heavier materials. A further advantage of neutrons compared to X-rays is the interaction of the neutron's magnetic moment with magnetic structures that allows for the bulk investigation of magnetic domain structures using the nGI technique (Grunzweig, 2008-II). The nGI-setup and its technique for imaging with cold neutrons is presented in this contribution. The main focus will be on magnetic investigations of electrical steel laminations using the nGI technique. Both, grain-oriented (GO) and non-oriented (NO) laminations will be presented. GO-laminations are widely used in industrial transformer applications, while NO-sheets are common in electrical machines. For grain-oriented sheet, domain walls were visualized individually, spatially resolved, while in NO-sheet a relative density distribution is depicted.