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In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopic study of Fe@FexOy/Pd and Fe@FexOy/Cu nanoparticle catalysts prepared by galvanic exchange reactions

: Yao, Y.L.; Patzig, C.; Hu, Y.F.; Scott, R.W.J.


Journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces 119 (2015), No.36, pp.21209-21218
ISSN: 1932-7447
ISSN: 1932-7455
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()

Fe@FexOy core-shell nanopartides have been previously shown to be a versatile support for catalytic metals such as Pd and Cu. However, the resulting structure, metal speciation, and performance of such catalysts in catalytic reactions are still poorly understood. Herein, we synthesize Fe@FexOy-supported Pd and Cu nanoparticles by controlling the molar ratios of Fe@FexOy nanoparticles to Pd2+ or Cu2+ species. Scanning transmission electron microscopy analyses show that Pd or Cu NPs are deposited on the exterior shell of the Fe@FexOy nanoparticles. In situ X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectra were used to follow the formation processes of Fe@FexOy/Pd and Fe@FexOy/Cu nanopartides and the performance of Fe@FexOy/Pd nanopartides for Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions. The results show that different molar ratios of Fe@FexOy nanoparticles to Pd2+ or Cu2+ lead to different morphologies of the resulting supported-NP structures. In situ XANES results show that Fe@FexOy nanoparticles can effectively fully reduce Pd or Cu salts over the course of similar to 20 min to give small Pd or larger Cu nanopartides on the surface and can also rereduce oxidized Pd in Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions.