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Comparison of consolidation routes for Mo-Si-B materials prepared by using nitride containing powders

: Wiltner, A.; Klöden, B.; Hilger, I.; Weißgärber, T.; Kieback, B.


Journal of the American Ceramic Society 98 (2015), No.11, pp.3569-3575
ISSN: 0002-7820
International Conference on Sintering <7, 2014, Dresden>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IFAM, Institutsteil Pulvermetallurgie und Verbundwerkstoffe Dresden ()

Pressureless sintering is a well-established powder metallurgical route for processing and consolidation of mixed materials. Especially materials exhibiting a high melting point could be densified without tool abrasion by this sintering technique. As the sintering temperatures are often higher compared to pressure-assisted techniques care must be taken by means of grain growth. In our studies we used a ternary compound mixture to obtain Mo-based alloys. Consolidation applying pressure-assisted methods (hot pressing, spark plasma sintering) and pressureless sintering were used, respectively. The densities reached and the microstructures obtained were compared. These Mo–Si–B alloys were processed using a nitride-powder-based route offering lower impurity contents due to short processing times by avoiding time consuming mixing / milling steps. The sintering conditions depending on the powder particle size as well as the sample shape will be presented in detail. The composition investigated in this article offered a continuous α-Mo matrix with intermetallic islands consisting of Mo3Si and Mo5SiB2 (T2) phases. The combination of a ductile α-Mo matrix and intermetallic phases embedded within offered an enhanced mechanical behavior at room temperature compared to MoSi2 or other intermetallic alloys. Moreover, the intermetallic compounds as well as Mo are candidates for high-temperature applications. As the high-temperature behavior could be strongly influenced by the respective microstructure we present here the processing and the microstructure obtained.