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Laser remote cutting and surface in manufacturing electrical machines - high productivity, flexibility and perfect magnetic performance

: Baumann, Robert; Siebert, René; Herwig, Patrick; Wetzig, Andreas; Beyer, Eckhard

Kaierle, S. (Congress General Chair) ; Laser Institute of America -LIA-:
ICALEO 2014, 33rd International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics. Congress proceedings. Online resource : October 19-23, 2014, San Diego, CA, USA
Orlando, Fla.: LIA, 2014
ISBN: 978-1-9401680-2-9
pp.601-607, Paper 906
International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro Optics (ICALEO) <33, 2014, San Diego/Calif.>
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
BE 1875/32-1
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWS ()

From industrial electrical machine production it is well known, that processing of non-oriented electrical steels causes changes in the lattice and microstructure that also affect the magnetic structure. While applying these manufacturing techniques (punching or laser fusion cutting), mechanical and thermal stresses are induced due to elastic and plastic deformation or temperature gradients within the material. For more than 15years, fusion cutting with CO2-lasers enabled a flexible and wear-free production but mostly for prototypes and small batches. Ten years ago, the development of fraction limited solid-state lasers started and thus enabled laser remote cutting. Nowadays, industry demands sheet thicknesses between 0.35 mm and 0.5 mm due to the fact of eddy current loss reduction. Concerning this context, best choice is laser remote cutting (LRC).Within this work, latest results are presented in terms of resulting cutting speed, cutting edge quality and magnetic properties. Cutting speed of LRC beats laser fusion cutting with keeping the high rate of flexibility. The magnetic material properties of laser remote cut laminates are identical or even better to conventional punched parts. Therefore, the manufacturer has been given the possibility to tweak his process towards perfect magnetic behavior or high output volume. All in all, it will be possible to produce high efficient electrical machines regarding the application demands of the costumer.