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The contribution of electricity consumers to peak shaving and the integration of renewable energy sources by means of demand response

A model-based long-term scenario analysis in consideration of structural changes in electricity demand
: Boßmann, Tobias

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-3601777 (8.3 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 02eb19f4701fc6a7f3872244b12818cb
Created on: 24.9.2015


Stuttgart: Fraunhofer Verlag, 2015, XIV, 256 pp.
Zugl.: Karlsruhe, Inst. für Technologie (KIT), Diss., 2015
ISI-Schriftenreihe Innovationspotenziale
ISBN: 3-8396-0919-4
ISBN: 978-3-8396-0919-4
Dissertation, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISI ()
Wirtschaftsingenieur; Wirtschaftswissenschaftler; Energietechniker; Kraftwerksplaner

Demand Response (DR) is an option to integrate the increasing share of electricity generation from renewable sources into the energy system by actively adjusting the demand behaviour of electricity consumers. However, prior to the large scale implementation of DR measures, it is crucial to understand the long-term potential of DR in the German energy system. This thesis provides a holistic analysis of the future DR potential, considering the individual DR end-uses and their respective techno-economic constraints in combination with a focus on the national system load and potential DR programmes. The analysis builds upon the eLOAD (electricity load curve adjustment) model, which is developed in the framework of this thesis. eLOAD is a bottom-up simulation model with embedded optimisation elements. It assesses the long-term evolution of a country's hourly system load curve by making use of a database containing more than 600 end-use specific load profiles. eLOAD quantifies the DR potentials by reproducing the load adjustment of a variety of individual end-uses. Coupling eLOAD with an electricity market model allows analysing the impact of DR on the electricity supply side.