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Chiral chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry applied to the determination of pro-resolving lipid mediators

: Homann, J.; Lehmann, C.; Kahnt, A.S.; Steinhilber, D.; Parnham, M.J.; Geisslinger, G.; Ferreirós, N.


Journal of chromatography. A 1360 (2014), pp.150-163
ISSN: 0021-9673
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Pro-resolving lipid mediators are a class of endogenously synthesized molecules derived from different fatty acids, such as arachidonic, docosahexaenoic or eicosapentaenoic acid, which are derived into four different product families: lipoxins, resolvins, maresins and protectins. For quantitation of these compounds, a sensitive, selective and robust liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantitation of lipoxin A4, 6-epi-lipoxin A4, lipoxin B4 and lipoxin A5, the D-series resolvins D1 and D2 as well as aspirin-triggered lipoxin A4 and resolvin D1, maresin and protectin and the pathway markers 17(S)-hydroxy-docosahexaenoic acid and 17(R)-hydroxy-docosahexaenoic acid in cell culture supernatants. For this purpose, a chiral column was connected in series with a reversed-phase column to achieve efficient analyte separation and high sensitivity. Sample pre-treatment included a fast and simple liquid–liquid extraction procedure. Limits of quantitation in the range of 0.1–0.5 ng/mL cell culture media, absolute recoveries between 90 and 115%, intra- and interday precision of less than 13% and an accuracy of less than 11% were obtained. Stability of the samples after 60 days storage at −80 °C, three freeze/thaw cycles and 4 h at room temperature has been demonstrated for all analytes. Sample extracts can be stored at 7 °C for 24 h without degradation of the analytes. Deviations of less than 13% in the accuracy, evaluated in terms of relative error, were obtained. The suitability of the method has been demonstrated in cell culture supernatants of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes, stimulated with 15R-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid and in cell culture media of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes co-incubated with human platelets. From all studied analytes, lipoxin A4 and 6-epi-lipoxin A4 were found in cell culture media under both incubation conditions, while 15-epi-lipoxin A4 was additionally detected in cell culture supernatants of polymorphonuclear leukocytes stimulated with 15R-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid.