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The potential application of pyroligneous acid in the UK agricultural industry

: Mmojieje, J.; Hornung, Andreas


Journal of crop improvement 29 (2015), No.2, pp.228-246
ISSN: 1542-7528
ISSN: 1542-7536
Journal Article
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Sulzbach-Rosenberg ()
recovery; smoke management; environmental sustainability

This paper highlights the potential benefits of smoke recovery from the production of biochar in crop management through it application as an antimicrobial agent against plant disease and as a pesticide. The study reports on the findings of zone inhibition assays on selected plant pathogens (Agrobacterium tumefacien and Xanthomonas campestris), growth studies on selected plants (Raphanus sativus and Vicia faba), and toxicity studies performed on arthropods (Myzus persicae and Tetranychus urticae). The results suggested a strong benefit to crop management in terms of crop protection against selected causal agents responsible for plant disease, with zones of inhibition observed on both Agrobacterium tumefacien and Xanthomonas campestris when inoculated with pyroligneous acid (liquid smoke) at 10% dilution. Similarly, its potential as a bio-pesticide are favorable, with a reported 20%30% of arthropods affected (knocked out/mortality) after exposure for 48 hours.