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Novel EGFR-specific immunotoxins based on panitumumab and cetuximab show in vitro and ex vivo activity against different tumor entities

 
: Niesen, J.; Stein, C.; Brehm, H.; Hehmann-Titt, G.; Fendel, R.; Melmer, G.; Fischer, R.; Barth, S.

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Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology 141 (2015), No.12, pp.2079-2095
ISSN: 0171-5216 (Print)
ISSN: 0084-5353
ISSN: 0943-9382
ISSN: 1432-1335 (Online)
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Abstract
Purpose: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in many solid tumors. EGFR-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), such as cetuximab and panitumumab, have been approved for the treatment of colorectal and head and neck cancer. To increase tissue penetration, we constructed single-chain fragment variable (scFv) antibodies derived from these mAbs and evaluated their potential for targeted cancer therapy. The resulting scFv-based EGFR-specific immunotoxins (ITs) combine target specificity of the full-size mAb with the cell-killing activity of a toxic effector domain, a truncated version of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (ETA).
Methods: The ITs and corresponding imaging probes were tested in vitro against four solid tumor entities (rhabdomyosarcoma, breast, prostate and pancreatic cancer). Specific binding and internalization of the ITs scFv2112-ETA (from cetuximab) and scFv1711-ETA (from panitumumab) were demonstrated by flow cytometry and for the scFv-SNAP-ta g imaging probes by live cell imaging. Cytotoxic potential of the ITs was analyzed in cell viability and apoptosis assays. Binding of the ITs was proofed ex vivo on rhabdomyosarcoma, prostate and breast cancer formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies.
Results: Both novel ITs showed significant pro-apoptotic and anti-proliferative effects toward the target cells, achieving IC50 values of 4 pM (high EGFR expression) to 460 pM (moderate EGFR expression). Additionally, rapid internalization and specific in vitro and ex vivo binding on patient tissue were confirmed.
Conclusions: These data demonstrate the potent therapeutic activity of two novel EGFR-specific ETA-based ITs. Both molecules are promising candidates for further development toward clinical use in the treatment of various solid tumors to supplement the existing therapeutic regimes.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-352155.html