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Effects of nanoporous alumina on inflammatory cell response

: Pujari, S.; Hoess, A.; Shen, J.; Thormann, A.; Heilmann, A.; Tang, L.; Karlsson-Ott, M.


Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A 102 (2014), No.11, pp.3773-3780
ISSN: 1549-3296
ISSN: 0021-9304
ISSN: 1552-4965
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ( IMWS) ()

The present study focuses on the effects of nanoscale porosity on inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo. Nanoporous alumina membranes with different pore sizes, 20 and 200 nm in diameter, were used. We first evaluated cell/alumina interactions in vitro by observing adhesion, proliferation, and activation of a murine fibroblast and a macrophage cell line. To investigate the chronic inflammatory response, the membranes were implanted subcutaneously in mice for 2 weeks. Cell recruitment to the site of implantation was determined by histology and the production of cytokines was measured by protein array analysis. Both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that 200 nm pores induced a stronger inflammatory response as compared to the alumina with 20 nm pores. This was observed by an increase in macrophage activation in vitro as well as higher cell recruitment and generation of proinflammatory cytokines around the alumina with 200 nm pores, in vivo. Our results suggest that nanofeatures can be modulated in order to control the inflammatory response to implants.