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Activation of mTOR for the loss of skeletal muscle in a hindlimb-suspended rat model

 
: Yoo, Yeong-Min; Park, Ji Hyung; Seo, Dong-Hyun; Eom, Sinae; Jung, Young Jin; Kim, Tack-Joong; Han, Tae-Young; Kim, Han Sung

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International journal of precision engineering and manufacturing 16 (2015), No.5, pp.1003-1010
ISSN: 2234-7593
ISSN: 2005-4602
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
micro-computed tomography; skeletal muscle; hindlimb-suspended rat; mTOR

Abstract
The hindlimb-suspended or unloading rodent model was developed to mimic the microgravity of a spaceflight environment and has been used extensively to study the physiological responses to various aspects of musculoskeletal loading and unloading. This study investigated a compensating response to skeletal muscle loss in a hindlimb-suspended model that involves up-regulation of mTOR phosphorylation at four weeks. Body weight and muscle volume significantly decreased over four weeks in the hindlimb-suspended group compared with the sham control. Expressions of p-mTOR, raptor protein, p-p70S6K, p-Akt, and p-ERK, anti- or pro-apoptotic p53, Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Bax, and Bak proteins were significantly increased in the hindlimb-suspended group compared to the sham control at four weeks. These results indicate that p-mTOR and p-Akt/p-ERK proteins might be up-regulated to compensate for the loss of skeletal muscle in the hindlimb-suspended model. Expressions of p-AMPK, IRS1, and IRS2 proteins were significantly increased, but that of p-eIF2 alpha was significantly reduced in the hindlimb-suspended group compared to the sham control at four weeks. Our results suggest that the loss of skeletal muscle in a hindlimb-suspended model induces activation of p-mTOR and p-Akt/p-ERK proteins, and that these signaling pathways may preserve protein synthesis and cell growth in skeletal muscles of hindlimb-suspended animals.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-343673.html