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Ab initio study of the surface properties and ideal strength of (100) silicon thin films

: Umeno, Y.; Kushima, A.; Kitamura, T.; Gumbsch, P.; Li, J.


Physical Review. B 72 (2005), No.16, Art. 165431, 7 pp.
ISSN: 0163-1829
ISSN: 1098-0121
ISSN: 0556-2805
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ()
mechanical property; surface strain; Ab initio calculation; mechanical property of nanoscale material

Studying the ideal strength of nanostructured materials is important for understanding of their mechanical properties. We have performed ab initio modeling of nanoscale Si films with (100) surfaces and computed the surface energy and surface stress as well as the ideal tensile strength of the structure. The strength of the thin film is not significantly decreased down to a thickness of less than 1 nm. Surprisingly, there is also no considerable effect of the surface reconstruction. This suggests that the lower stresses found for surface crack nucleation in an experiment are due to substantial flaws and not an intrinsic effect of the ideal surface. The band gab energy of the thin film is lower than of the bulk, but a band gap remains up to high strain in the thin film.