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Requirements engineering in the bidding stage of software projects - a research preview

: Breiner, Kai; Gillmann, Michael; Kalenborn, Axel; Müller, Christian


Fricker, Samuel (Ed.):
Requirements engineering: Foundation for software quality. 21st international working conference, REFSQ 2015 : Essen, Germany, March 23 - 26, 2015; Proceedings
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 9013)
ISBN: 978-3-319-16100-6 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-319-16101-3 (Online)
International Working Conference on Requirements Engineering - Foundation for Software Quality (REFSQ) <21, 2015, Essen>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IESE ()
software project; requirements engineering; SmartOffer; precontract phase; bidding phase; proposal

[Context and motivation] Before a software project officially starts, there is a stage that has not received much consideration in literature: the precontract or bidding stage. [Question/problem] In this phase, basic Requirements Engineering (RE) activities are conducted without having a budget, yet. In this paper, the SmartOffer project is described, which aims on improving RE during this precontract phase.
[Principal idea/results] Therefore, bidding processes of several organizations were analyzed and commonalities/differences were identified. The consolidated process is described in this paper. It consists out of four abstract phases: assessment of demand, conception, proposal, and actual project conduction. Mandatory and optional process steps within these phases allow for being tailored to different companies and products.
[Contribution] The consolidated bidding process provides the potential for automation and tool support. In consequence the precontract phase will be more efficient and effective. Building a tool supporting this process as well as evaluating this tool will be addressed in future work to complement this research preview.