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A bond-order potential incorporating analytic screening functions for the molybdenum silicides

: Cawkwell, M.J.; Mrovec, M.; Nguyen-Manh, D.; Pettifor, D.G.; Vitek, V.

Mills, M.J.:
Integrative and interdisciplinary aspects of intermetallics : Symposium held November 29 - December 1, 2004, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. ; Symposium S, held at the 2004 MRS fall meeting
Warrendale, Pa.: Materials Research Society, 2005 (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 842)
ISBN: 1-558-99790-3
Symposium S: "Integrative and Interdisciplinary Aspects of Intermetallics" <2004, Boston/Mass.>
Materials Research Society (Fall Meeting) <2004, Boston/Mass.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWM ()

The intermetallic compound MoSi2, which adopts the C11b crystal structure, and related alloys exhibit an excellent corrosion resistance at high temperatures but tend to be brittle at room and even relatively high temperatures. The limited ductility of MoSi2 in ambient conditions along with the anomalous temperature dependence of the critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) of the {110)<111], {011)<100] slip systems and departure from Schmid law behaviour of the {013)<331] slip system can all be attributed to complex dislocation core structures. We have there fore developed a Bond-Order Potential (BOP) for MoSi2 for use in the atomistic simulation of dislocation and other extended defects. BOPs are a real-space, O(N), two-center orthogonal tight-binding formalism that are naturally able to describe systems with mixed metallic and covalent bonding. In this development novel analytic screening functions have been adopted to properly describe the environmental dependence of bond integrals in the open, bcc-based C11b crystal structure. A many-body repulsive term is included in the model that allows us to fit the elastic constants and negative Cauchy pressures of MoSi2. Due to the internal degree of freedom in the position of the Si atoms in the C11b structure which is a function of volume, it was necessary to adopt a self-consistent procedure in the fitting of the BOP. The constructed BOP is found to be an excellent description of cohesion in C11b MoSi2 and we have carefully assessed its transferability to other crystal structures and stoichiometries, notably C40, C49 and C54 MoSi2, A15 and Do3 MosSi and D8m Mo5Si3 by comparing with ab initio structural optimizations.