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Centimeter-scale MEMS scanning mirrors for high power laser application

 
: Senger, Frank; Hofmann, Ulrich G.; Wantoch, T. von; Mallas, Christian; Janes, Joachim; Benecke, Wolfgang; Herwig, Patrick; Gawlitza, Peter; Ortega Delgado, Moises Alberto; Gruhne, Christoph; Hannweber, Jan; Wetzig, Andreas

:

Piyawattanametha, W. (Ed.) ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XIV : 7 - 12 February 2014, San Francisco, California, USA
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2015 (Proceedings of SPIE 9375)
ISBN: 978-1-62841-465-3
Paper 937509, 16 pp.
Conference "MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems" <14, 2015, San Francisco/Calif.>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IWS ()
Fraunhofer ISIT ()
4-DOF-scanner; LAMM; laser headlights; laser material processing; MEMS scanner; vacuum packaging

Abstract
A higher achievable scan speed and the capability to integrate two scan axes in a very compact device are fundamental advantages of MEMS scanning mirrors over conventional galvanometric scanners. There is a growing demand for biaxial high speed scanning systems complementing the rapid progress of high power lasers for enabling the development of new high throughput manufacturing processes. This paper presents concept, design, fabrication and test of biaxial large aperture MEMS scanning mirrors (LAMM) with aperture sizes up to 20 mm for use in high-power laser applications. To keep static and dynamic deformation of the mirror acceptably low all MEMS mirrors exhibit full substrate thickness of 725 μm. The LAMM-scanners are being vacuum packaged on wafer-level based on a stack of 4 wafers. Scanners with aperture sizes up to 12 mm are designed as a 4-DOF-oscillator with amplitude magnification applying electrostatic actuation for driving a motor-frame. As an example a 7-mm-scanner is presented that achieves an optical scan angle of 32 degrees at 3.2 kHz. LAMM-scanners with apertures sizes of 20 mm are designed as passive high-Q-resonators to be externally excited by low-cost electromagnetic or piezoelectric drives. Multi-layer dielectric coatings with a reflectivity higher than 99.9 % have enabled to apply cw-laser power loads of more than 600 W without damaging the MEMS mirror. Finally, a new excitation concept for resonant scanners is presented providing advantageous shaping of intensity profiles of projected laser patterns without modulating the laser. This is of interest in lighting applications such as automotive laser headlights.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-337142.html