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Pulmonary function and CT biomarkers as risk factors for cardiovascular events in male lung cancer screening participants: the NELSON study

: Takx, R.A.P.; Vliegenthart, R.; Hoesein, F.A.A.M.; Isgum, I.; Koning, H.J. de; Mali, W.P.T.M.; Aalst, C.M. van der; Zanen, P.; Lammers, J.W.J.; Groen, H.J.M.; Rikxoort, E.M. van; Schmidt, M.; Ginneken, B. van; Oudkerk, M.; Leiner, T.; Jong, P.A. de


European radiology 25 (2015), No.1, pp.65-71
ISSN: 0938-7994
ISSN: 1613-3749
ISSN: 1432-1084
Journal Article
Fraunhofer MEVIS ()

Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the association of spirometry and pulmonary CT biomarkers with cardiovascular events. Methods In this lung cancer screening trial 3,080 male participants without a prior cardiovascular event were analysed. Fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events were included. Spirometry included forced expiratory volume measured in units of one-second percent predicted (FEV1% predicted) and FEV1 divided by forced vital capacity (FVC; FEV1/FVC). CT examinations were quantified for coronary artery calcium volume, pulmonary emphysema (perc15) and bronchial wall thickness (pi10). Data were analysed via a Cox proportional hazard analysis, net reclassification improvement (NRI) and C-indices. Results 184 participants experienced a cardiovascular event during a median follow-up of 2.9 years. Age, pack-years and smoking status adjusted hazard ratios were 0.992 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.985-0.999) for FEV1% predicted, 1.000 (95% CI 0.986-1.015) for FEV1/FVC, 1.014 (95% CI 1.005-1.023) for perc15 per 10 HU, and 1.269 (95% CI 1.024-1.573) for pi10 per 1 mm. The incremental C-index (<0.015) and NRI (<2.8 %) were minimal. Coronary artery calcium volume had a hazard ratio of 1.046 (95% CI 1.034-1.058) per 100 mm(3), an increase in C-index of 0.076 and an NRI of 16.9 % (P< 0.0001). Conclusions Pulmonary CT biomarkers and spirometry measurements were significantly associated with cardiovascular events, but did not contain clinically relevant independent prognostic information for cardiovascular events.