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Through-the-wall detection with gated FMCW signals using optimized patch-like and Vivaldi antennas

 
: Fioranelli, F.; Salous, S.; Ndip, I.; Raimundo, X.

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IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 63 (2015), No.3, pp.1106-1117
ISSN: 0018-926X
ISSN: 0096-1973
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZM ()

Abstract
This paper presents the design and optimization of patch-like antennas for through-the-wall imaging (TTWI) radar applications in the frequency range 0.5-2 GHz. A basic antenna configuration is analyzed and modified through an optimization aiming at reducing the size of the antenna and focusing the radiated power in a single lobe to be directed toward the wall and the targets to be detected. Both the basic and the optimized antennas have been manufactured and tested. The optimized patch antennas and a conventional Vivaldi antenna have been successfully used in the frequency-modulated interrupted continuous wave (FMICW) radar system developed at Durham University. Results of a novel wall-removal technique for TTWI using numerical simulations and measurements aimed at the detection of stationary targets and people are presented.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-336559.html