Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Portable size DMFC-stack

: Oedegaard, A.; Hufschmidt, S.; Wilmshoefer, R.; Hebling, C.


Fuel Cells 4 (2004), No.3, pp.219-224
ISSN: 1615-6846
ISSN: 1615-6854
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

A small, low temperature, direct methanol fuel cell stack for portable applications has been developed. Several flow field designs were investigated with respect to stable operation and high performance. Due to carbon dioxide and water production on the anode and cathode, respectively, methanol and oxygen access to the electrodes is hindered. During single cell operation the effect of both carbon dioxide evolution and water production on the current output was observed. The difference between parallel and serial feeding of both fuel and oxidant to the DMFC stack was also investigated. It was found that it is very important to remove reaction products from the active cell surface in order to ensure stable stack operation at low temperatures. The maximal power realised with the 12-cell direct methanol fuel cell stack was 30 W.