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Aluminum oxide for the surface passivation of high efficiency silicon solar cells

Technology and advanced characterization
: Richter, Armin

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-3280920 (6.8 MByte PDF)
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Created on: 24.02.2016


Stuttgart: Fraunhofer Verlag, 2015, III, 236 pp.
Zugl.: Konstanz, Univ., Diss., 2014
ISBN: 3-8396-0847-3
ISBN: 978-3-8396-0847-0
Dissertation, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Ingenieur; Naturwissenschaftler; Forschung; Industrie; Silicium; Silicium Photovoltaik

Thin layers of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) are highly relevant for various high-efficiency silicon solar cell designs, as Al2O3 can provide an excellent passivation of crystalline silicon surfaces. One main part of this thesis deals with the evaluation, optimization and in-depth analysis of such passivating Al2O3 layers deposited by atomic layer deposition. In particular the results regarding the properties of the c Si/Al2O3 interface allowed to identify the underlying passivation mechanisms for various process variations. Another part of the thesis deals with the realization of p+nn+ silicon solar cells through the application and evaluation of industrially feasible technologies, i.e. for the front side boron-doped p+ emitter (based on the Al2O3 surface passivation), as well as for the diffusion and passivation of the rear side n+ back surface field. The excellent silicon surface passivation obtained in this thesis allowed in addition the experimental investigation of the Auger recombination in high-purity crystalline silicon with an improved precision, based on which results a new parameterization of the Auger recombination was developed. This parameterization was used to reassess the intrinsic efficiency limit of crystalline silicon solar cells.