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Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment in combination with transplantation of bone marrow cells is not superior to G-CSF treatment alone after cortical stroke in spontaneously hypertensive rats

: Diederich, Kai; Schmidt, Antje; Beuker, Carolin; Strecker, Jan-Kolja; Wagner, Daniel-Christoph; Boltze, Johannes; Schäbitz, Wolf-Rüdiger; Minnerup, Jens

Fulltext ()

Frontiers in cellular neuroscience. Online resource 8 (2014), Art. 411, 9 pp.
ISSN: 1662-5102
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
01GN0980; MARS
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
50810545; SIRIUS
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IZI ()
stroke; spontaneously hypertensive rat; bone marrow cells; G-CSF; neuroregeneration; neurogenesis; angiogenesis; functional recovery

Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and bone marrow derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) have both been shown to improve functional outcome following experimental stroke. These effects are associated with increased angiogenesis and neurogenesis. In the present study, we aimed to determine synergistic effects of G-CSF and BM-NMC treatment on long-term structural and functional recovery after photo thrombotic stroke. To model the etiology of stroke more closely, we used spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats in our experiment. Bone marrow derived mononuclear cells transplantation was initiated 1 h after the onset of photothrombotic stroke. Repeated G-CSF treatment commenced immediately after BM-MNC treatment followed by daily injections for five consecutive days. The primary endpoint was functional outcome after ischemia. Secondary endpoints included analysis of neurogenesis and angiogenesis as well as determination of infarct size. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor treated rats, either in combination with BM-MNC oral one showed improved somatosensory but not gross motor function following ischemia. No beneficial effect of BM-MNC monotherapy was found. Infarct volumes were comparable in all groups. In contrast to previous studies, which used healthy animals, post-stroke neurogenesis and angiogenesis were not enhanced by G-CSF. In conclusion, the combination of G-CSF and BM-MNC was not more effective than G-CSF alone. The reduced efficacy of G-CSF treatment and the absence of any beneficial effect of BM-MNC transplantation might be attributed to hypertension related morbidity.