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A pan-European-North African HVDC grid for bulk energy transmission - a model-based analysis

: Bohn, Sven; Agsten, Michael; Marten, Anne-Katrin; Westermann, Dirk; Boie, Inga; Ragwitz, Mario


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-, Power & Energy Society -PES-:
IEEE PES Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, T&D 2014. Vol.2 : Chicago, Illinois, USA, 14 - 17 April 2014
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2014
ISBN: 978-1-4799-3656-4
ISBN: 978-1-4799-3657-1
ISBN: 978-1-4799-3655-7
Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D) <2014, Chicago/Ill.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
Fraunhofer ISI ()
terms-AC transmission; DC transmission; HVDC transmission; overlay grid; renewable energy

The usage of renewable energy is gaining importance due to national and international targets for reduction of CO2 emissions and consumption of fossil fuels and respective renewable energy deployment goals. Due to the volatile nature of renewable energy and regional potentials for generation in remote areas, there is a need for a better integration of generation and load centers in a common transmission infrastructure. This can be done by establishing a meshed HVDC overlay grid for bulk electricity transmission over long distances. Therefore, this paper describes the outlook for renewable energy deployment by 2050 in the North African region, as well as the potential to export renewable energy to Europe. It analyses the existing AC transmission grid infrastructure and explains why a meshed pan-European-North African HVDC overlay grid will solve the transmission requirements for the target year 2050.