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New sustainable and insulating building material made of cattail

: Krus, Martin; Theuerkorn, Werner; Großkinsky, Theo; Künzel, Hartwig

Arfvidsson, Jesper (Ed.) ; Univ. Lund:
NSB 2014, 10th Nordic Symposium on Building Physics : 15-19 June 2014, Lund, Sweden; Full Papers
Lund, 2014
ISBN: 978-91-88722-53-9
Nordic Symposium on Building Physics (NSB) <10, 2014, Lund>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IBP ()

Due to the special structural properties of cattail (typha) building materials can be produced offering a combination of insulation and strength, which is unique on the market. The leaf mass of typha is especially suited due the structure of the plant. The leaves have a fiber-reinforced supporting tissue filled with soft open-cell spongy tissue providing for amazing statics and an excellent insulating effect. In the past few years, the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics investigated various product developments in cooperation with the inventor Dipl.-Ing. Werner Theuerkorn. The newly developed magnesite-bound typha board has an extremely high strength and dynamic stability despite a low thermal conductivity of about 0.055 W/mK and can solve energetic as well as static problems.
This innovative building material possesses a lot of positive properties. With the typha board as infill of the timber frames and as an additional inside insulation layer an extremely slender exterior wall construction with wall heating is realized. Due to the simple processability and inherent stiffness the material could be adjusted to the irregular inclined walls. The suitability of the wall structure has been investigated over a measuring period of 1.5 years. The U-value of the whole building (infill and timber construction) is about 0.35 W/m²K. The low level of moisture applied by the mortar and plaster dried out fast to a constant moisture contents in the wooden supports of below 20 M.-%.