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Recyclable PUFs: Logically reconfigurable PUFs

: Katzenbeisser, S.; Koçabas, Ü.; Leest, V. van der; Sadeghi, A.-R.; Schrijen, G.-J.; Schröder, H.; Wachsmann, C.


Journal of cryptographic engineering 1 (2011), No.3, pp.177-186
ISSN: 2190-8508
ISSN: 2190-8516
International Workshop on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems (CHES) <13, 2011, Nara>
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer SIT ()

Physically Unclonable Functions (PUFs) are security primitives that exploit intrinsic random physical variations of hardware components. In the recent years, many security solutions based on PUFs have been proposed, including identification/authentication schemes, key storage and hardware-entangled cryptography. Existing PUF instantiations typically exhibit a static challenge/response behavior, while many practical applications would benefit from reconfigurable PUFs. Examples include the revocation or update of “secrets” in PUF-based key storage or cryptographic primitives based on PUFs. In this paper, we present the concept of logically reconfigurable PUFs (LR-PUFs) that allow changing the challenge/response behavior without physically replacing or modifying the underlying PUF. We present two efficient LR-PUF constructions and evaluate their performance and security. In this context, we introduce a formal security model for LR-PUFs. Finally, we discuss several practical applications of LR-PUFs focusing on lightweight solutions for resource-constrained embedded devices, in particular RFIDs.