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Miniaturized camera system for an endoscopic capsule for examination of the colonic mucosa

: Wippermann, F.; Müller, M.; Wäny, M.; Voltz, S.


Johnson, R.B. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering XV : 18–20 August 2014, San Diego, California, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2014 (Proceedings of SPIE 9192)
ISBN: 978-1-6284-1219-2
Art. 91920Z
Conference "Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering" <15, 2014, San Diego/Calif.>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Today's standard procedure for the examination of the colon uses a digital endoscope located at the tip of a tube encasing wires for camera read out, fibers for illumination, and mechanical structures for steering and navigation. On the other hand, there are swallowable capsules incorporating a miniaturized camera which are more cost effective, disposable, and less unpleasant for the patient during examination but cannot be navigated along the path through the colon. We report on the development of a miniaturized endoscopic camera as part of a completely wireless capsule which can be safely and accurately navigated and controlled from the outside using an electromagnet. The endoscope is based on a global shutter CMOS-imager with 640x640 pixels and a pixel size of 3.6 mu m featuring through silicon vias. Hence, the required electronic connectivity is done at its back side using a ball grid array enabling smallest lateral dimensions. The layout of the f/5-objective with 100 degrees diagonal field of view aims for low production cost and employs polymeric lenses produced by injection molding. Due to the need of at least one-time autoclaving, high temperature resistant polymers were selected. Optical and mechanical design considerations are given along with experimental data obtained from realized demonstrators.