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Structural and electrical properties of Bi0.5Na0.5 TiO3 based superlattices grown by pulsed laser deposition

: Bousquet, Marie; Batista, Leonardo; Dellis, Jean-Luc; Boulle, Alexandre; Rabe, Ute; Durand-Drouhin, Olivier; Gagou, Yaovi; Dupont, Loic; Viallet, Virgine; Zeinert, Andreas; Hirsekorn, Sigrun; Lemée, Nathalie


Journal of applied physics 116 (2014), No.19, Art. 194104, 9 pp.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
European Commission EC
FP7-NMP; 263878; BISNANO
Functionalities of Bismuth based nanostructures
European Commission EC
FP7; NMP4-SL-2010-263878
Functionalities of Bismuth based nanostructures
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZFP ()
Bismuth; pulsed laser

Artificial superlattices of ferroelectric Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 and BaTiO3 have been successfully grown on (001) insulator or conductive SrTiO3 substrates by pulsed laser deposition. In these epitaxial layered structures, the BaTiO3 layers were shown to contribute to an improvement of the two dimensional growth of the Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 layers. The influence of the superlattice period Λ, between 5 and 20 nm, was investigated. We observe an increase in the in-plane tensile strain as Λ is reduced from 20 nm to 10 nm, accompanied by a decrease in the density of dislocations. A concomitant enhancement of the dielectric permittivity was measured, demonstrating the strain tunability of these superlattices. A significant reduction of the dielectric losses is also obtained with decreasing Λ. Furthermore, a minimum value of the coercive field of less than 70 kV/cm, close to that of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 bulk ceramics, was reached by decreasing the period. We demonstrate that the dielectric and ferroelectric properties can be explained as the result of the in-plane tensile strain which contributes to improve the structural properties in the superlattices.