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Modular structure of biochips based on microstructured deposition of functional nanoparticles

: Weber, A.; Knecht, S.; Brunner, H.; Tovar, G.E.M.


Engineering in life sciences 4 (2004), No.1, pp.93-97
ISSN: 1618-2863
ISSN: 1618-0240
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()

This paper presents the microstructured deposition of nanoparticles, which are chemically modified to be conjugated to biomolecules or dyes. In our approach, we separated the technical steps "surface chemistry" and "microstructuring" into two fully independent processes. This was realized by firstly synthesizing specific nanoparticles with tailor-made surfaces. Thus, the surface chemistry was customized to the demands of most different kinds of specific proteins. Then, microstructured monolayer arrays of these nanoparticles were generated by photolithography, microcontact printing or spotting with a microarrayer. The overall system resulted in a nanoparticle-based microarray for the selective binding of protein ligands providing both wide flexibility and high specificity.