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Investigation of the crystallisation behaviour of lead titanate (PT), lead zirconate (PZ) and lead zirconate titanate (PZT) by EXAFS-spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction

: Feth, M.P.; Weber, A.; Merkle, R.; Reinöhl, U.; Bertagnolli, H.


Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 27 (2003), No.2, pp.193-204
ISSN: 0928-0707
ISSN: 1573-4846
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()

Two solid solutions of lead zirconium titanates PbZrxTi1-xO3 (x = 0.1 and 0.35) as well as the reference compounds lead titanate and lead zirconate were prepared from zirconium and titanium n-propoxide, dissolved in 2-methoxyethanol, by sol-gel process. The amorphous products after pyrolysis of the dried gels and the crystalline phases were studied by EXAFS spectroscopy to monitor the structural changes from the amorphous oxide mixture to the crystalline ceramics after calcination. Additionally, the crystalline phases were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). It follows from the analysis of the EXAFS data that the local order of the amorphous phases seems to be completely different from that of the crystalline phase. There is no indication of a preformation of the local order of the perovskite structure. The analysis of our EXAFS spectra can be interpreted very consistently with the assumption that in the amorphous samples a segregation exists on molecular level and the low crystallisation temperatures are a consequence of very short diffusion paths.