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Laser beam welding of ultra-high strength chromium steel with martensitic microstructure

: Dahmen, M.; Janzen, V.; Lindner, S.; Wagener, R.

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Physics procedia 56 (2014), pp.525–534
ISSN: 1875-3892
ISSN: 1875-3884
International Conference on Laser Assisted Net Shape Engineering (LANE) <8, 2014, Fürth>
Conference Paper, Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ILT ()

A new class of steels is going to be introduced into sheet manufacturing. Stainless ferritic and martensitic steels open up opportunities for sheet metal fabrication including hot stamping. Strengths of up to 2 GPa at fracture elongations of 15% can be attained through this. Welding of these materials, as a result, became a challenge. Energy-reduced welding methods with in-situ heat treatment are required in order to ensure the delicate and complex heat control. Laser beam welding is the joining technique of choice to supply minimum heat input to the fusion process and to apply efficient heat control. For two application cases, tailored blank production in as-rolled condition and welding during assembly in hot stamped condition, welding processes have been developed. The welding suitability is shown through metallurgical investigations of the welds. Crash tests based on the KS-II concept as well as fatigue tests prove the applicability of the joining method.