Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Life cycle assessment modelling of waste-to-energy incineration in Spain and Portugal

: Margallo, María; Aldaco, Ruben; Irabien, Ángel; Carrillo, Viviana; Fischer, Matthias; Bala, Alba; Fullana, Pere


Waste management & research 32 (2014), No.6, pp.492-499
ISSN: 0734-242X
ISSN: 1399-3070
ISSN: 1096-3669
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IBP ()

In recent years, waste management systems have been evaluated using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. A main shortcoming of prior studies was the focus on a mixture of waste with different characteristics. The estimation of emissions and consumptions associated with each waste fraction in these studies presented allocation problems. Waste-to-energy (WTE) incineration is a clear example in which municipal solid waste (MSW), comprising many types of materials, is processed to produce several outputs. This paper investigates an approach to better understand incineration processes in Spain and Portugal by applying a multi-input/output allocation model. The application of this model enabled predictions of WTE inputs and outputs, including the consumption of ancillary materials and combustibles, air emissions, solid wastes, and the energy produced during the combustion of each waste fraction.