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High-speed three-dimensional measurements with a fringe projection-based optical sensor

: Bräuer-Burchardt, C.; Breitbarth, A.; Kühmstedt, P.; Notni, G.


Optical engineering 53 (2014), No.11, Art.112213
ISSN: 0091-3286
ISSN: 0036-1860
ISSN: 1560-2303
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()

An optical three-dimensional (3-D) sensor based on a fringe projection technique that realizes the acquisition of the surface geometry of small objects was developed for highly resolved and ultrafast measurements. It realizes a data acquisition rate up to 60 high-resolution 3-D datasets per second. The high measurement velocity was achieved by consequent fringe code reduction and parallel data processing. The reduction of the length of the fringe image sequence was obtained by omission of the Gray code sequence using the geometric restrictions of the measurement objects and the geometric constraints of the sensor arrangement. The sensor covers three different measurement fields between 20 mm x 20 mm and 40 mm x 40 mm with a spatial resolution between 10 and 20 mu m, respectively. In order to obtain a robust and fast recalibration of the sensor after change of the measurement field, a calibration procedure based on single shot analysis of a special test object was applied which works with low effort and time. The sensor may be used, e. g., for quality inspection of conductor boards or plugs in real-time industrial applications.