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A linguistic basis for multi-agency coordination

: Schade, U.; Hieb, M.R.

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United States, Department of Defense -DoD-, Washington/D.C.:
13th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium, ICCRTS 2008. Online resource : June 2008, Bellevue, WA
Bellevue/Wash., 2008
22 pp.
International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) <13, 2008, Bellevue/Wash.>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer FKIE ()

In order to create the desired effects in a complex endeavor concerning a coalition of nations, as well as other agencies, there should be common understanding and a common intent. The creation and communication of this intent is a critical factor in the success of the endeavor, but often is overlooked. In this paper, we describe a language that expresses this common intent developed from a foundation of Command and Control (C2) business logic and generalized for Multi-Agency operations. Such a general language is not as brittle as the common message formats and data models that are currently the focus of interoperability. The abstraction of a language provides the flexibility for sharing intent and relating it to actions and reports, even if varying technology bases are brought by the organizations involved. The language described – the Multi-Agency Operations Language (MAOL) – is composed of three types of grammars covering: 1) Intent; 2) Actions; and 3) Reports. MAOL is designed for automated processing (to support a wide range of functionality including advanced decision support tools). Because the mix of services will not necessarily be known prior to an operation, it is even more important to have a foundation of a well-structured syntax and semantics with clear operational roles defined.