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Fractal dimension of time-resolved autofluorescence discriminates tumour from healthy tissues in the oral cavity

: Klatt, J.; Gerich, C.E.; Gröbe, A.; Opitz, J.; Schreiber, J.; Hanken, H.; Salomon, G.; Heiland, M.; Kluwe, L.; Blessmann, M.


Journal of cranio-maxillofacial surgery 42 (2014), No.6, pp.852-854
ISSN: 1010-5182
ISSN: 0301-0503
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IKTS ()

Early detection and complete resection of oral carcinomas is of crucial importance for patient survival. This could be significantly improved by developing a non-invasive, sensitive and real-time detection technique. Time-resolved autofluorescence measurement is state-of-the-art technology originally developed for non-destructive inspection of material. In this study, we measured time-resolved autofluorescence in tumours and healthy tissues of the oral cavity ex vivo and calculated the corresponding fractal dimension which was significantly higher in tumours than in healthy tissues (1.8 vs. 1.6, P < 0.001, unpaired t-test) with non-overlapping 95% confidential intervals 1.88-1.84 and 1.57-1.69, respectively. Very high specificity (86%) could be reached at 100% sensitivity. The area under the curve was 99%, further suggesting the superior prediction potential of fractal dimension based on time-resolved autofluorescence spectra.