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An immunohistochemical assay on human tissue using a human primary antibody

 
: Peuscher, A.; Gassler, N.; Schneider, U.; Thom, P.; Rasche, S.; Spiegel, H.; Schillberg, S.

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Journal of immunoassay & immunochemistry : JII 35 (2014), No.3, pp.322-334
ISSN: 1532-1819
ISSN: 1532-4230
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Abstract
Non human antibodies administered to human patients often generate anti-antibody responses, leading in extreme cases to anaphylactic shock. Completely human antibodies are therefore favored over their murine, chimeric and humanized counterparts. However, the accurate evaluation of human antibodies on human tissue samples cannot be achieved using indirect immunohistochemical methods because of endogenous immunoglobulins that are co-detected by the secondary antibodies. Direct detection is often used instead, but this lacks the signal amplification conferred by the secondary antibody and is therefore less sensitive. We developed a simple fluorescence-based indirect immunohistochemical method that allows human primary antibodies bound specifically to their target antigens in human tissue samples to be detected clearly and without interfering background staining. This approach involves a biotinylated human primary antibody (H10Biotin) and Cy3-conjugated streptavidin (Strep Cy3). We tested the protocol using a human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) specific IgG1 (H10). We identified an exposure time threshold that allowed the elimination of low StrepCy3 background staining, yet achieved sufficient signal amplification to make our approach four times more sensitive than comparable direct immunohistochemical procedures. The principle of this indirect immunohistochemical assay should be transferable to other species allowing the specific and sensitive detection of any primary antibody on homologous tissues.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-301425.html