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Grain structure in aluminium TIG welds

: Schempp, P.; Pittner, A.; Rethmeier, M.

Welding and cutting 13 (2014), No.3, pp.177-181
ISSN: 1612-3433
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPK ()

The microstructure of a fusion weld has great influences on the susceptibility of the base material to hot cracking and on the mechanical properties of the weld. Small, globulitic grains are necessary for increased strength, ductility and toughness and for a low inclination to hot cracking instead of large, oblong grains. This study reports on the factors which exert the main influences on such grain refinement in the weld. Thus, the influences of the thermal conditions, the chemical composition of the weld metal and the number and type of solidification nuclei on the microstructure were classified for the TIG welding of three different aluminium alloys.