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P-I-N-P top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes with MoOx as the electrical and optical modification layers

: Xie, G.; Fehse, K.; Leo, K.; Gather, M.C.


Physica status solidi. A 211 (2014), No.5, pp.1168-1174
ISSN: 0031-8965
ISSN: 1862-6300
ISSN: 1521-396X
ISSN: 1862-6319
Journal Article
Fraunhofer FEP ()

We report a P-I-N-P top-emitting organic light-emitting diode (TEOLED) that contains an additional p-doped hole transporting layer between the conventional n-doped electron transporting layer and the top cathode. The TEOLED comprises MoOx in different positions of the device stack (i) as a buffer layer and a p-dopant to improve the hole injection efficiency from the anode side and to form an abrupt tunnel junction at the cathode side and (ii) a capping layer to tailor the out-coupling efficiency. The N-P tunnel junction provides a simple approach for balancing charge injection and thus results in simultaneous improvements on current, power and external quantum efficiencies (maxima of 39, 35, and 45%, respectively).