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Optical system components for navigation grade fiber optic gyroscopes

 
: Heimann, M.; Liesegang, M.; Arndt-Staufenbiel, N.; Schröder, H.; Lang, K.-D.

:

Lewis, K.L. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Emerging Technologies in Security and Defence and Quantum Security II and Unmanned Sensor Systems X : 23-26 September 2013, Dresden, Germany
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2013 (Proceedings of SPIE 8899)
ISBN: 978-0-8194-9768-0
Conference "Emerging Technologies in Security and Defence" <2013, Dresden>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IZM ()

Abstract
Interferometric fiber optic gyroscopes belong to the class of inertial sensors. Due to their high accuracy they are used for absolute position and rotation measurement in manned/unmanned vehicles, e.g. submarines, ground vehicles, aircraft or satellites. The important system components are the light source, the electro optical phase modulator, the optical fiber coil and the photodetector. This paper is focused on approaches to realize a stable light source and fiber coil. Superluminescent diode and erbium doped fiber laser were studied to realize an accurate and stable light source. Therefor the influence of the polarization grade of the source and the effects due to back reflections to the source were studied. During operation thermal working conditions severely affect accuracy and stability of the optical fiber coil, which is the sensor element. Thermal gradients that are applied to the fiber coil have large negative effects on the achievable system accuracy of the op tic gyroscope. Therefore a way of calculating and compensating the rotation rate error of a fiber coil due to thermal change is introduced. A simplified 3 dimensional FEM of a quadrupole wound fiber coil is used to determine the build-up of thermal fields in the polarization maintaining fiber due to outside heating sources. The rotation rate error due to these sources is then calculated and compared to measurement data. A simple regression model is used to compensate the rotation rate error with temperature measurement at the outside of the fiber coil. To realize a compact and robust optical package for some of the relevant optical system components an approach based on ion exchanged waveguides in thin glass was developed. This waveguides are used to realize 1x2 and 1x4 splitter with fiber coupling interface or direct photodiode coupling.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-300712.html