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Illumination and temperature dependence of breakdown mechanisms in multi-crystalline silicon solar cells

: Fertig, F.; Willibald, C.; Geisemeyer, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Rein, S.

Postprint (PDF; )

Energy Procedia 38 (2013), pp.32-42
ISSN: 1876-6102
International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics (SiliconPV) <3, 2013, Hameln>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()

If a solar cell is partially shaded in a photovoltaic module, it can be reverse-biased and therefore dissipate power rather than generating it. When being locally concentrated, this power dissipation can lead to hot spots damaging solar modules irreversibly. In order to assess the hot sp ot danger of solar cells prior to module integration, their operating points under partial shading conditions need to be known which can be determined by simulation. We show, that deviations between simulated and measured module I-V characteristics can be explain ed by contrary temperature- and illumination-dependent effects on the reverse characteristic of a multi-crystalline silicon solar cell. A negative temperature coefficient for voltages of V < -12.5 V in the temperature range of T = 25-50°C is determined to be mainly due to type II and III breakdown while a positive illumin ation coefficient is found for V < -6 V which predominantly originates from locally distributed currents.