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Removal of micropollutants from water by nanocomposite membrane adsorbers

: Niedergall, K.; Bach, M.; Hirth, T.; Tovar, G.E.M.; Schiestel, T.


Separation and purification technology 131 (2014), pp.60-68
ISSN: 1383-5866
European Commission EC
FP7; 226524; WaterMIM
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()

Nanoscaled spheric polymer adsorbers with a variety of chemical surface functionalities were synthesized by miniemulsion polymerization and inverse miniemulsion polymerization. The nanospheres were embedded in polyethersulfone (PES) matrices by a wet-phase inversion process to form nanocomposite membrane adsorbers. The resulting membrane adsorbers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), pore size measurements, water flux measurements and various adsorption experiments. The membranes can be classified as microfiltration membranes and have the additional capability to adsorb substances with various physico-chemical properties. The capability to adsorb compounds with various physico-chemical properties is implemented by embedding different nanoscaled adsorbers specific against the target molecules. In this work the target molecules bisphenol A, a hydrophobic compound, and penicillin G (potassium salt), a charged molecule, were adsorbed together on one membrane. The nanocomposite membrane adsorber concept allows the adaption of membrane properties to a given separation task by an adjustment of the amount and the proportion of various selective particles.