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Fate and bioavailability of engineered nanoparticles in soils: A review

: Cornelis, Geert; Hund-Rinke, Kerstin; Kuhlbusch, Thomas; Brink, Nico van den; Nickel, Carmen


Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 44 (2014), No.24, pp.2720-2764
ISSN: 1064-3389
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Interactions within natural soils have often been neglected when assessing fate and bioavailability of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) in soils. This review combines patchwise ENM research using natural soils with the much wider literature on ENM performed in standard tests or on the fate of colloids in soils, and an analysis of the diverse ENM characteristics determining availability from the soil organisms' perspective to assess the main soil characteristics that determine the fate, speciation and ultimately bioavailability of ENM in natural soils. Predominantly salinity, texture, pH, concentration and nature of mobile organic compounds and degree of saturation determine ENM bioavailability.