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Boron diffusion in nanocrystalline 3C-SiC

: Schnabel, M.; Weiss, C.; Canino, M.; Rachow, T.; Löper, P.; Summonte, C.; Mirabella, S.; Janz, S.; Wilshaw, P.R.


Applied Physics Letters 104 (2014), No.21, Art.213108, 6 pp.
ISSN: 0003-6951 (Print)
ISSN: 1077-3118
ISSN: 1931-9401 (online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Solarzellen - Entwicklung und Charakterisierung; Farbstoff; Organische und Neuartige Solarzellen; Tandemsolarzellen auf kristallinem Silicium; Boron; Diffusion; Doping; carbide; Nanocrystal

The diffusion of boron in nanocrystalline silicon carbide (nc-SiC) films with a grain size of 4–7 nm is studied using a poly-Si boron source. Diffusion is found to be much faster than in monocrystalline SiC as it takes place within the grain boundary (GB) network. Drive-in temperatures of 900–1000 °C are suitable for creating shallow boron profiles up to 100 nm deep, while 1100 °C is sufficient to flood the 200 nm thick films with boron. From the resulting plateau at 1100 °C a boron segregation coefficient of 28 between nc-SiC and the Si substrate, as well as a GB boron solubility limit of 0.2 nm−2 is determined. GB diffusion in the bulk of the films is Fickian and thermally activated with DGB(T)=(3.1−5.6)×107exp(−5.03±0.16  eV/kBT) cm2s−1. The activation energy is interpreted in terms of a trapping mechanism at dangling bonds. Higher boron concentrations are present at the nc-SiC surface and are attributed to immobilized boron.