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Hybrid laser arc welding of X80 and X120 steel grade

: Gook, Sergej; Gumenyuk, Andrey; Rethmeier, Michael


Science and technology of welding and joining 19 (2014), No.1, pp.15-24
ISSN: 1362-1718
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPK ()
high strength steel; laser hybrid welding; modified spray arc; longitudinal weld; pipeline

The aim of the present work was to investigate the possibilities of hybrid laser arc welding regarding reliable production of longitudinal welds of high strength pipe steels X80 and X120 and to evaluate achievable mechanical properties of laser hybrid welds. The study focused on weld toughness examination in low temperature range. Suitable filler materials were identified in the context of this task. It could be shown that metal cored electrodes guaranteed sufficient Charpy impact toughness at low temperature for both investigated materials. Modern arc welding technologies such as modified pulsed spray arc were used to promote deeper penetration of the filler material into the narrow laser welding gap. Edge preparation with a 14 mm deep root face was considered as optimum, because no penetration of the filler material could be detected beyond this depth limit, and therefore, any metallurgical influences on the weld metal properties through the welding wire could be excluded.