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Effect of non-rubber components of NR on the Carbon Nanotube (CNT) localization in SBR/NR blends

: Le, H.H.; Parsekar, M.; Ilisch, S.; Henning, S.; Das, A.; Stöckelhuber, K.-W.; Beiner, M.; Ho, C.A.; Adhikari, R.; Wießner, S.; Heinrich, G.; Radusch, H.-J.


Macromolecular materials and engineering 299 (2014), No.5, pp.569-582
ISSN: 1438-7492
ISSN: 1439-2054
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
GZ. LE 3202/1-1
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWM ( IMWS) ()

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are mixed into SBR/NR and SBR/IR blends using a wet mixing process. The phase specific localization of CNTs in rubber blends is predicted theoretically using surface energy data of blend components and determined experimentally by means of the wetting concept. Almost all CNTs are found to be localized in the SBR matrix of SBR/IR blends due to the better affinity of CNTs to SBR than to IR. In contrast, a high CNT loading localized in the NR phase of SBR/NR blends results from the presence of phospholipids in NR. Electrical and mechanical properties of the rubber blends depend strongly on CNT localization. A lower CNT loading in SBR matrix of SBR/NR blends imparts a better wet grip and lower rolling resistance to tire tread compounds.