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Influence of high aluminium content on the mechanical properties of directionally solidified multicrystalline silicon

: Orellana, T.; Tejado, E.M.; Funke, C.; Riepe, S.; Pastor, J.Y.; Möller, H.J.


Journal of Materials Science : JMS 49 (2014), No.14, pp.4905-4918
ISSN: 0022-2461
ISSN: 1573-4803
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

The purpose of this research is the mechanical characterisation of multicrystalline silicon crystallised from silicon feedstock with a high content of aluminium for photovoltaic applications. The mechanical strength, fracture toughness and elastic modulus were measured at different positions within the multicrystalline silicon block to quantify the impact of the segregation of impurities on these mechanical properties. Aluminium segregated to the top of the block and caused extensive micro-cracking of the silicon matrix due to the thermal mismatch between silicon and the aluminium inclusions. Silicon nitride inclusions reduced the fracture toughness and caused failure by radial cracking in its surroundings due to its thermal mismatch with silicon. However, silicon carbide increased the fracture toughness and elastic modulus of silicon.