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Isothermal titration calorimetric studies of surfactant interactions with negatively charged 'hairy' latex nanoparticles

: Wang, R.; Schmiedel, H.; Paulke, B.-R.


Colloid and polymer science 283 (2004), No.1, pp.91-97
ISSN: 0303-402X
ISSN: 0023-2904
ISSN: 1435-1536
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAP ()

Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) measurements of the mixture of the cationic surfactant cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) with negatively charged, 'hairy' copolymer latices (poly-(2,3-epoxypropylmethacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) in different ratio) at high water excess indicate a monomer adsorption mechanism of CTAB by the polymer particles. The number of adsorbed CTAB molecules at saturation corresponds approximately to the number of negative elementary charges bound at the surface of the latices. The mixing enthalpy is the sum of demicellization and sorption enthalpies. At 25degreesC for CTAB the demicellization enthalpy amounts to 10 kJ/mol, whereas the adsorption enthalpy varies from -7 kJ/mol (surface charge density of the latices sigma=-0.37 C/m(2)) to +3 kJ/mol (sigma=-0.085 C/m(2)). The hydrodynamic radius R-H of the latex particles upon titration of cationic detergent and salt (NaBr) decreases by about 2 nm until the onset of aggregation near the isoelectric point. Titration of nonionic or anionic detergents has much less influence on the hydrodynamic radius and produces no measurable adsorption heat. The results are consistent within a model of latex particles with extended negatively charged polymer chains interacting predominantly via Coulombic forces with detergents.