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General ethical and legal aspects of the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for the biosensing of explosives

For the D-BOX-project, Deliverable D3.8 Revision 1.3
: Fraunhofer-Institut für Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Trendanalysen -INT-, Euskirchen

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-2946596 (888 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 69a004c9ceb512327e07a9c20c19b047
Created on: 8.7.2014

Euskirchen, 2013, 71 pp.
European Commission EC
FP7; 284996; D-BOX
Report, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer INT ()

The EU project D-BOX tackles the burning issue of anti-personnel landmines and cluster munitions remaining from armed conflicts. This will be achieved through the development of innovative solutions that will be interfaced and integrated in a comprehensive toolbox concept that is going to provide demining stakeholders the advice for and the access to the most appropriate tools, methods and procedures. Among other things D-BOX includes the development of highly-sensitive biosensors for the detection of explosives. The consortium pursues a new approach in which a common soil bacterium is genetically modified to produce red fluorescent proteins upon recognition of TNT-signatures. The aim of this report is first to analyse the public acceptance and possible ethical objections to the use of G MOs for the biosensing of explosives. We further recommend necessary technical and non-technical measurements to meet the security needs and ethical concerns of the public. To achieve this aim the following issues are covered in this report. A desktop research on the public acceptance as well as on ethical aspects of GMOs in general has been performed. A series of expert interviews have been performed to learn about the public acceptance of the D-BOX biosensor. The legal aspects (directives and regulations) of the use of genetically modified biosensors have been described. The approval procedure for the experimental release as well as for the placing on the market of the GM biosensor has been explained in detail.