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Cationic polymerization of a cycloaliphatic diepoxide with latent initiators in the presence of structurally different diols

: Hartwig, A.; Koschek, K.; Lühring, A.; Schorsch, O.


Polymer 44 (2003), No.10, pp.2853-2858
ISSN: 0032-3861
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFAM ()

The influence of different polyether based diols on the photochemically and thermally induced cationic polymerization of a cycloaliphatic diepoxide is examined. If the polymeric diol is a 1,2-diol based polyether the polymerization is retarded compared to the pure diepoxide, whereas the polymerization is not influenced or even enhanced if the diol is a polyether based on a 1,4-diol or a low molecular weight 1,2-diol. The different behavior is explained by the complexation of protons in a crown ether like structure in the presence of the polyethers based on 1,2-diols. This leads to an effective reduction of the acid concentration available to initiate the polymerization. The model was verified by the addition of a small amount of 12-crown-4. In the presence of the crown ether the polymerization is also strongly retarded.